1. buffleheadcabin:

    ORACLE TEAM USA AC72 “USA 17” Foiling at 40knots

    [As a sailor, I find this fascinating. As a sailor poking about in a 16’ use-worn sloop, I find it otherworldly. As a citizen of this poisoned, starving world I find it revolting.]


    I wonder what it looks like under the waterline…


  2. Mission Completed

    (Source: u2sr71patches.co.uk)


  3. Behold, the world’s largest wind tunnel!

    (1947) Looking down the throat of the world’s largest tunnel. The scene is NACA’s 40 x 80 foot wind tunnel at Ames Aeronautical Laboratory, Moffett Field, California. The camera is stationed in the tunnel’s largest section, 173 feet wide by 132 feet high. Here at top speed the air, driven by six 40 foot fans, is moving about 35 to 40 miles per hour. The rapid contraction of the throat (or nozzle) speeds up this air flow to more than 250 miles per hour in the oval test section, which is 80 feet wide and 40 feet high. The tunnel encloses 900 tons of air, 40 tons of which rush through the throat per second at maxium speed. Dwarfed by the immensity of the tunnel structure, the experimental model seen here is actually almost 50 feet long. Embodying a sharply swept-back wing suitable for supersonic flight, it is undergoing tests designed to improve the landing characteristics of this type of airfoil. Mounted on struts connected to scales under the test section, it is “flown standing still” while each element such as lift and drag is measured and air pressures occuring across the wing are recorded. Information gathered from such tests were made available to the nation’s aircraft manufacturers by the NACA (now NASA), an independent agency of the U.S. Government.


  4. Detail view of Schlieren setup in the 1 x 3 Foot Supersonic Wind Tunnel, October 26, 1945


  5. The historical evolution of airfoil sections, 1908-1944. The last two shapes are low-drag sections designed to have laminar flow over 60 to 70 percent of chord on both the upper and lower surface.


  6. Free-flight investigation of 1/4-scale dynamic model of XFV-1 in NACA Ames 40x80ft wind tunnel, August 18, 1942


  7. View of the Vought-Sikorsky V-173 airplane mounted in the Full Scale Wind Tunnel. Shows the prototype “Zimmer Skimmer” or “Flying Pancake” on which the XF5U was based.


  8. The last fully steam powered lumber mill in America: Phillips Brothers Mill & Box Factory, est. 1897.

    (Source: youtube.com)


  9. X-51A Waverider achieves history in final flight

    by Daryl Mayer
    88th Air Base Wing Public Affairs

    5/3/2013 - WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Ohio — The final flight of the X-51A Waverider test program has accomplished a breakthrough in the development of flight reaching Mach 5.1 over the Pacific Ocean on May 1 a little after 10 a.m. Pacific Time.

    “It was a full mission success,” said Charlie Brink, X-51A program manager for the Air Force Research Laboratory Aerospace Systems Directorate.

    The cruiser traveled over 230 nautical miles in just over six minutes over the Point Mugu Naval Air Warfare Center Sea Range. It was the longest of the four X-51A test flights and the longest air-breathing hypersonic flight ever.

    “I believe all we have learned from the X-51A Waverider will serve as the bedrock for future hypersonics research and ultimately the practical application of hypersonic flight,” Mr. Brink said.

    The X-51A took off from the Air Force Test Center at Edwards AFB, Calif., under the wing of a B-52H Stratofortress. It was released at approximately 50,000 feet and accelerated to Mach 4.8 in about 26 seconds powered by a solid rocket booster. After separating from the booster, the cruiser’s scramjet engine then lit and accelerated to Mach 5.1 at 60,000 feet.

    After exhausting its 240-second fuel supply, the vehicle continued to send back telemetry data until it splashed down into the ocean and was destroyed as designed. All told, 370 seconds of data was collected from the experiment.

    “This success is the result of a lot of hard work by an incredible team. The contributions of Boeing, Pratt and Whitney Rocketdyne, the 412th Test Wing at Edwards AFB, NASA Dryden and DARPA were all vital,” said Mr. Brink.

    This was the last of four test vehicles originally conceived when the $300 million technology demonstration program began in 2004. The program objective was to prove the viability of air-breathing, high-speed scramjet propulsion.

    The X-51A is unique primarily due to its use of a hydrocarbon fuel in its supersonic combustion ramjet, or Scramjet, engine. Other vehicles have achieved hypersonic - generally defined as speeds above Mach 5 - flight with the use of hydrogen fuel. Without any moving parts, hydrocarbon fuel is injected into the scramjet’s combustion chamber where it mixes with the air rushing through the chamber and is ignited in a process likened to lighting a match in a hurricane.

    The use of logistically supportable hydrocarbon fuel is widely considered vital for the practical application of hypersonic flight.

    As a technology demonstration program, there is no immediate successor to the X-51A program. However, the Air Force will continue hypersonic research and the successes of the X-51A will pay dividends to the High Speed Strike Weapon program currently in its early formation phase with AFRL.

    (Source: wpafb.af.mil)


  10. NeXT Cube Logic Board